WHAT IS CONFIRMATION?
CATHOLIC CONFIRMATION is a sacrament of initiation that completes Baptism through sealing in the Holy Spirit and anoints the recipient as priest, prophet, and king.
WHO CAN RECEIVE CONFIRMATION?
In the Catholic Church, anyone that has been baptized properly can and should be confirmed.
WHO ADMINISTERS CONFIRMATION?
The bishops are the original ministers of Confirmation along with other Catholic sacraments (Lumen Gentium 26)
“In the Latin rite, the ordinary minister of Confirmation is the bishop. If the need arises, the bishop may grant the faculty of administering Confirmation to priests, although it is fitting that he confer it himself, mindful that the celebration of Confirmation has been temporally separated from Baptism for this reason. Bishops are the successors of the apostles. They have received the fullness of the sacrament of Holy Orders. The administration of this sacrament by them demonstrates clearly that its effect is to unite those who receive it more closely to the Church, to her apostolic origins, and to her mission of bearing witness to Christ.”
HOW MANY TIMES CAN ONE BE CONFIRMED?
"Like Baptism which it completes, Confirmation is given only once, for it too imprints on the soul an indelible spiritual mark, the 'character,' which is the sign that Jesus Christ has marked a Christian with the seal of his Spirit by clothing him with power from on high so that he may be his witness."
WHAT IS THE MATTER AND FORM OF CONFIRMATION?
Catholic Confirmation is performed with the ordinary minister extending his hand over the one to be confirmed and anointing his/her head with the oil of chrism saying, "be sealed with the Holy Spirit." The actual Confirmation ceremony is much longer than this, but this is the "meat" of the action. The oil of chrism is consecrated by the bishop at the Chrism Mass on Holy Thursday and is reserved for special things like Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Orders, and blessing of tower bells, consecration of churches, altars, chalices and patens.
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF CONFIRMATION?
In short it is the full outpouring of the Holy Spirit as once granted to the apostles on the day of Pentecost. Confirmation brings Catholics a deepening of baptismal grace and unites us more firmly to Christ. It increases the gifts of the Holy Spirit and leaves an indelible mark on the soul just like baptism.
WHAT ARE THE SEVEN GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT?
The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit received through Confirmation are Wisdom, Understanding, Knowledge, Fortitude or Courage, Counsel, Piety or Love, and Fear of the Lord.
WHERE IS THE SACRAMENT OF CONFIRMATION FOUND IN THE SCRIPTURE?
Anointing with oil is an ancient Biblical tradition originating in the Old Testament with the Jewish people. The Jews had a messiah and it was usually their king at the time, however they were also awaiting a greater messiah, one that would deliver them and raise them up. This messiah happened to be Jesus. The sign of the Messiah was that he was royal and messiahs were put in their position by being anointed with oil and an appointment from God. This tradition carried on in Christianity with the teaching of the sharing in Christ's messiahship and his royal priesthood. In fact, the first example of Catholic Confirmation can be found in Acts 8:14-17.
Taken from www.aboutcatholics.com/beliefs/catholic-confirmation-explained